American Civil War: Final Surrender of the Confederate Army : Four
years of bloody fighting had saved the Union of states. The northern
victory had settled the question of whether states could leave the Union.
And it had put to rest the problem of slavery, which had troubled the
nation for so many years.
The American Civil War: Election of 1864 : President Abraham Lincoln
wanted to lead the country for another four years. However, his Republican
Party was divided over who should be its candidate.
American Civil War: Sherman's March to the Sea : This Union campaign
across the southern state of George cut a path of destruction more than
100 kilometers wide. Homes and villages from Atlanta to Savannah were
The American Civil War: Closing in on Richmond, the Confederate Capital
: Union forces gathered three times the troops as the Confederate side.
Yet fierce battles taught an important lesson: The methods of defense
had improved much more than the methods of attack.
The American Civil War: Battle of Vicksburg Splits the Southern Confederacy
: General Ulysses Grant had been trying to seize Vicksburg, Mississippi,
for several months. The victory gave his Union forces control of the
The American Civil War: Lincoln's Gettysburg Address : The president
wanted to honor the brave men who had died in the battle at Gettysburg,
Pennsylvania. He feared his speech was a failure.
American Civil War: The Battle of Chancellorsville
American Civil War: Battle of Gettysburg Aids the Union, but at a Cost
: Confederate General Robert E. Lee hoped the battle in Pennsylvania
would be a final blow against the Union and bring the Civil War to an
end. He was wrong.
The American Civil War: An Anti-War Movement in the North Turns Violent
: The worst riot took place in July 1863 in New York City. One thousand
people died during three days of violence. Confederate General Robert
E. Lee saw the anti-war movement in the North as an opening for a military
The American Civil War: An Anti-War Movement Begins in the North
: This is part 13 of a series of reports about President Abraham Lincoln
and the American Civil War. After two years of severe fighting, an anti-war
movement began to grow in the North. Leaders of the movement were Democrats
The American Civil War: President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation
: The Union victory at Antietam gave President Lincoln a chance to announce
his Emancipation Proclamation. The declaration freed all slaves in the
rebel states of the South.
The American Civil War: The Second Battle at Bull Run : In the first
Battle of Manassas, Union troops defeated Confederate forces. The result
was quite different a year later at the Second Battle of Manassas.
The American Civil War: The Seven Days Campaign : Union forces led
by General McClellan could not capture the southern capital at Richmond,
Virginia. The battle was the first in a series of battles known as the
Seven Days Campaign.
THIS IS AMERICA - The Gettysburg Address : Gettysburg was the largest
United States Civil War battle. It was also the subject of a speech
given during the war by United States President Abraham Lincoln.
Lincoln, Part 1 : Abraham Lincoln was sworn in as president in March
1861. In his inaugural speech, Lincoln urged Americans to honor the
federal Union and avoid a civil war over slavery.
Abraham Lincoln, Part 2 : Federal troops at Fort Sumter in South
Carolina faced a food shortage in 1861. Yet attempts to send them supplies
were sure to begin a bitter civil war.
Abraham Lincoln, Part 3 : This attack by Confederate troops launched
the American Civil War. In Washington, President Lincoln reacted with
a call for troops to form a Union Army.
Lincoln, Part 4 : Virginia was the first state to secede after the
start of the Civil War. Virginia's decision cost the Union a military
commander of great ability. He was Robert E. Lee.
Abraham Lincoln, Part 5 : Union and Confederate forces met for the
first time in 1861 at Bull Run, in Virginia. The fierce battle made
President Lincoln recognize the need for a stronger Union army.
Abraham Lincoln, Part 6 : General Ulysses S. Grant led Union forces
in the Battle of Shiloh. Their victory was at a high price. More than
13,000 Union soldiers were killed in the fight.
Abraham Lincoln, Part 7 : A new kind of naval battle was fought
during the Civil War involving iron ships. This marked the beginning
of the end of the world's wooden navies.